DEVELOPMENT OF SHOOTING, CHIPPING, AND PHASSING SKILL TEST INSTRUMENTS FOR FUTSAL PLAYERS U-23 IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE

  • Andri Arif Kustiawan Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta
  • M. Furqon Hidayatulla Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Sapta Kunta Purnam Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Fadilah Uma Universitas Sebelas Maret
Keywords: Control Test,, Dribbling Test, U-23 Futsal

Abstract

Futsal is a sport similar to football. In football,
all athletes usually reach eleven people, whereas in futsal,
the athletes are only required to have five people. Futsal is a
dynamic sport where athletes must move constantly,
requiring good technical skills and determination. This
study designed a measuring instrument for basic futsal skills
tests for players aged 18-23 years to produce a form of basic
futsal skills test through shooting, chipping, and passing
tests. This study designed a measuring instrument for basic
futsal skills tests for players aged 18-23 years to produce a
form of basic futsal skills test by measuring test shooting,
chipping tests, and passing tests. The research design used
was development research with procedures for planning
product development to be developed and developing initial
product types/models for futsal players aged 18-23 years for
PORPROV Surakarta futsal players as many as 15 players
for small groups and 90 PORPROV futsal players for trials
try a large group consisting of 6 districts namely Banyumas
Regency, Klaten Regency, Kebumen Regency, Kendal
Regency and Kudus Regency. They then tested the product
skills test's validity, reliability, and norms. The results of the
reliability test with the test-retest test or the correlation
between the same groups for two trials showed consistent
results with a calculated value above 0.70 so it can be said
that a reliable or fixed measuring instrument will produce
the same relative value even though it is carried out at the
same time. Different. This study is constructing a reliable
futsal playing skill test for players aged 18-23.

References

Proceedings International Seminar Tulungagung University, 2023.
Development of Shooting, Chipping, and Phassing Skill Test
Instruments for Futsal Players U-23 in Central Java Province
DEVELOPMENT OF SHOOTING, CHIPPING, AND PHASSING SKILL
TEST INSTRUMENTS FOR FUTSAL PLAYERS U-23
IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE

Andri Arif Kustiawan
1
, M. Furqon Hidayatullah
2
, Sapta Kunta Purnama
3
, Fadilah Umar
4

1
Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta, Indonesia
234
Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Keywords:
Control Test, Dribbling Test, U-23
Futsal

*Correspondence Address:
danasport03@gmail.com

Abstract: Futsal is a sport similar to football. In football,
all athletes usually reach eleven people, whereas in futsal,
the athletes are only required to have five people. Futsal is a
dynamic sport where athletes must move constantly,
requiring good technical skills and determination. This
study designed a measuring instrument for basic futsal skills
tests for players aged 18-23 years to produce a form of basic
futsal skills test through shooting, chipping, and passing
tests. This study designed a measuring instrument for basic
futsal skills tests for players aged 18-23 years to produce a
form of basic futsal skills test by measuring test shooting,
chipping tests, and passing tests. The research design used
was development research with procedures for planning
product development to be developed and developing initial
product types/models for futsal players aged 18-23 years for
PORPROV Surakarta futsal players as many as 15 players
for small groups and 90 PORPROV futsal players for trials
try a large group consisting of 6 districts namely Banyumas
Regency, Klaten Regency, Kebumen Regency, Kendal
Regency and Kudus Regency. They then tested the product
skills test's validity, reliability, and norms. The results of the
reliability test with the test-retest test or the correlation
between the same groups for two trials showed consistent
results with a calculated value above 0.70 so it can be said
that a reliable or fixed measuring instrument will produce
the same relative value even though it is carried out at the
same time. Different. This study is constructing a reliable
futsal playing skill test for players aged 18-23.

INTRODUCTION
Sport has functions and benefits according to needs; sport itself is a series of regular
and planned physical movements to maintain and improve movement abilities, which aim to
maintain life and improve a person's quality of life. Apart from that, sport also increases the
nation's ability to implement a sustainable development system.
Futsal is a sport that is based on several basic techniques. Futsal also has a goal like
other sports, which is similar to the goal of football, namely putting the ball into the
opponent's goal as a condition for getting a score. The sport of futsal forces a player to always
31


Proceedings International Seminar Tulungagung University, 2023.
Development of Shooting, Chipping, and Phassing Skill Test
Instruments for Futsal Players U-23 in Central Java Province
be ready to receive and give passes quickly when pressured by opposing players (Fahmi et
al., 2019). Because the field is narrower and the number of players is smaller, this futsal
sport requires playing dynamically (Eka & Darmawan, 2014). Sports skills tests help
measure a person's mastery or skill in playing a sport by measuring the basic techniques of
the game (Suntoda, 2009, p.15).
According to Morrow (2005, pp.7-9), sports skills tests are helpful for placement,
diagnosis, prediction, motivation, ability, and program evaluation. Meanwhile, according to
Wahjoedi (2001, p.19), the use of sports skills tests is useful for selection, diagnosis,
placement, and measuring success. Sports skills tests can determine which group a player
should be placed in. A player with the same test results will be placed in the same training
group. Sports skills tests can diagnose a player's strengths and weaknesses. Trainers can
discover deficiencies and the various reasons behind them so that it is easier to find ways to
overcome them.
The game of futsal places more emphasis on ability (skills), so tactics and strategies
are easy to apply in this game. Compared to football, futsal players must master game skills
better. Mastery of playing skills requires regular and targeted coaching so that futsal players
can play well. The coaching process requires measuring tools in the form of tests. Tests are
a form of instrument used to carry out measurements (Mardapi, 2012, p.108).
According to Wahjoedi (2001, p.19), the use of sports skills tests is useful for
selection, diagnosis, placement, and measuring success. Sports skills tests can determine
which group a player should be placed in. A player with the same test results will be placed
in the same training group. Sports skills tests can diagnose a player's strengths and
weaknesses. Coaches can discover the shortcomings and the various reasons behind them so
that finding ways to overcome them is more accessible. A good futsal player must be
equipped with basic technical knowledge and skills because that is the starting point for a
futsal player.

RESEARCH METHODS
The research design used is development research with procedures for planning
product development to be developed and developing initial product types/models for futsal
players aged 18-23 years in Surakarta and Karanganyar PORPROV futsal players, 15 players
for small groups and 90 PORPROV futsal players for testing try a large group consisting of
6 districts, namely Banyumas Regency, Klaten Regency, Kebumen Regency, Kendal
32


Proceedings International Seminar Tulungagung University, 2023.
Development of Shooting, Chipping, and Phassing Skill Test
Instruments for Futsal Players U-23 in Central Java Province
Regency and Kudus Regency. Next, validity, reliability, and norm tests are carried out on
the product skills test.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The initial test model product, which aims to measure basic futsal skills for U-23-year-
old players that have been prepared, must be validated first by experts before being tested in
the field. Validation was carried out by experts related to this research, such as experts in futsal
sports. After making improvements based on input and suggestions from expert validators,
product trials are carried out on a small scale and big scale.
Small-scale trials were conducted on 2 PORPROV futsal teams, each with 15 players
aged 18-23 years, namely the Surakarta and Karanganyar Regency futsal teams. In
comparison, large-scale trials were carried out by 90 players from 6 PORPROV teams, namely
Banyumas Regency, Klaten Regency, Kebumen Regency, Kendal, Kudus Regency and Jepara
Regency. Validity and reliability tests are carried out with the help of analysis on SPSS 25,
using product-moment correlation and Cronbach alpha tests. These results show that from
small-scale trials, the initial product is stated to have high validity and reliability in small
groups, namely PORPROV Surakarta and Karanganyar futsal players.
These results show that the initial product was declared to have high validity and reliability in
the PORPROV team for Surakarta City and Karanganyar Regency from small-scale trials. For
details, see Table 1 below.

Table 1. Validity and Reliability Test on a Small Scale PORPROV Team Surakarta City and Karanganyar
Regency on Test Shooting.
Product Moment Validity Test
Test
Technique
R count
Probability
Information

1
2
Shooting



Test
Rates
Valid
Valid
Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test
0.990
0.990
0,000
0,000

Controls
0.979
0,000
Reliable

Table 1. above shows the results of product validity and reliability tests on a small scale
for test shooting with a probability value of <0.05. These results show that the initial product
was declared valid and reliable from small-scale trials in the PORPROV team for Surakarta
City and Karanganyar Regency.



33


Proceedings International Seminar Tulungagung University, 2023.
Development of Shooting, Chipping, and Phassing Skill Test
Instruments for Futsal Players U-23 in Central Java Province
Table 2. Validity and Reliability Test on a small scale PORPROV Team Surakarta City and Karanganyar
Regency on Chipping Test
Product Moment Validity Test
Test
Technique
R count
Probability
Information

1
2
Chipping



Test
Rates
Valid
Valid
Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test
0.994
0.992
0,000
0,000

Controls
0.978
0,000
Reliable

Table 2. above shows the product validity and reliability test results on a small scale for
the chipping test with a probability value of <0.05. These results show that the initial product
was declared valid and reliable from small-scale trials in the PORPROV team for Surakarta
City and Karanganyar Regency.

Table 3. Validity and Reliability Test on a Small Scale PORPROV Team Surakarta City and Karanganyar
Regency on Test Passing.
Product Moment Validity Test
Test
Technique
R count
Probability
Information

1
2
Passing



Test
Rates
Valid
Valid
Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test
0.981
0.973
0,000
0,000

Passing
0.947
0,000
Reliable

Table 3 above shows the results of the product validity and reliability test on a small
scale for test passing with a probability value of <0.05. These results show that the initial
product was declared valid and reliable from small-scale trials in the PORPROV team for
Surakarta City and Karanganyar Regency.
The validity and reliability tests of shooting, chipping, and passing tests on a large scale, which
have been tested on Central Java PORPROV players, can be seen in the following table.

Table 4. Validity and Reliability Test on a large scale for the Central Java PORPROV Team in Test Shooting.
Product Moment Validity Test
Test
Technique
R count
Probability
Information

1
2
Shooting



Test
Rates
Valid
Valid
Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test
0.988
0.986
0,000
0,000

Shooting
0.971
0,000
Reliable

Table 4 above shows the results of product validity and reliability testing on a large
scale for test shooting with a probability value of <0.05. These results show that the initial
product was declared valid and reliable from large-scale trials by the Central Java PORPROV
team.


34


Proceedings International Seminar Tulungagung University, 2023.
Development of Shooting, Chipping, and Phassing Skill Test
Instruments for Futsal Players U-23 in Central Java Province
Table 5. The Central Java PORPROV Team did the validity and Reliability Test on a small scale in the Chipping
Test.
Product Moment Validity Test
Test
Technique
R count
Probability
Information

1
2
Chipping



Test
Rates
Valid
Valid
Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test
0.975
0.967
0,000
0,000

Chipping
0.935
0,000
Reliable

Table 5. above shows the results of the product validity and reliability test on a large
scale for the chipping test with a probability value of <0.05. These results show that the initial
product was declared valid and reliable from large-scale trials by the Central Java PORPROV
team.

Table 6. Validity and Reliability Test on a Small Scale for the Central Java PORPROV Team on Test Passing.
Product Moment Validity Test
Test
Technique
R count
Probability
Information

1
2
Passing



Test
Rates
Valid
Valid
Cronbach Alpha Reliability Test
0.989
0.989
0,000
0,000

Passing
0.977
0,000
Reliable

Table 6. above shows the results of the product validity test on a large scale for test
passing, which has a probability value of <0.05. These results show that the initial product
was declared valid and reliable from large-scale trials by the Central Java PORPROV team.
Validity and reliability results in small groups and large groups prove that the skills test has
been proven to be valid (sahih) and reliable (steady) so that it can be interpreted that the
product design for developing futsal techniques for U-23 players can be tested at a wider
stage.

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The basic futsal skills tests constructed in this research include shooting, chipping,
and passing tests. The essential futsal skills instrument was declared valid and reliable as
measured by the correlation coefficient between small-group and large-group trials (testretest),
showing
a
positive
and
significant
correlation
coefficient.
So,
the
product
design
for

developing
futsal
techniques
for
U-23
players
can
be
tested
at
a
wider
stage.


35


Proceedings International Seminar Tulungagung University, 2023.
Development of Shooting, Chipping, and Phassing Skill Test
Instruments for Futsal Players U-23 in Central Java Province
For future researchers who will develop instrument models for shooting, chipping,
and passing skills, it is best to disseminate the product for widespread use of the product.
Researchers are expected to pay more attention to research objects and facilities when testing
a test instrument because the level of ability of each sample and limited facilities will
significantly influence the research results.

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Published
2023-12-30
How to Cite
Andri Arif Kustiawan, M. Furqon Hidayatulla, Sapta Kunta Purnam, & Fadilah Uma. (2023). DEVELOPMENT OF SHOOTING, CHIPPING, AND PHASSING SKILL TEST INSTRUMENTS FOR FUTSAL PLAYERS U-23 IN CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE . INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR, 5, 31-36. https://doi.org/10.36563/proceeding.v5i0.94