PARENTS’ AND TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS HOMEWORK FOR EARLY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

  • Abdul Halim Universitas Muhamadiyah Kalimantan Timur
  • Sunarti Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur
  • Ali Saukah Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur
  • Latifatul Isroiyah Universitas Tulungagung
Keywords: Homework Practices, Parental Perceptions, Teacher Attitudes, Survey Research

Abstract

This study aims to explore and analyze the perceptions of parents and teachers regarding homework practices for early elementary school students. The primary focus is to gain insights into the beliefs and attitudes of both key stakeholders in the educational process. Homework is an integral component of the educational experience for early elementary school students, playing a crucial role in reinforcing classroom learning and fostering independent study habits. However, varying perceptions among parents and teachers regarding the utility, frequency, and impact of homework can significantly influence its effectiveness. This study seeks to bridge the gap in understanding between these two groups, to offer practical propositions to policymakers, parents, and teachers to improve the classroom. A survey-based research approach was employed to collect the data from a sample of 100 parents and 30 teachers from diverse elementary schools across Indonesia. An electronic questionnaire was designed and distributed through the network of parents’ school committees and teachers at different educational institutions. The survey encompassed questions related to the perceived benefits and drawbacks of homework, the amount of time spent on homework, and preferences for homework types. Quantitative data analysis technique, descriptive statistics analysis, was utilized to derive conclusions from the collected responses. Findings from this research contribute to the existing body of knowledge on homework practices and serve as a foundation for collaborative efforts between parents and teachers to optimize the homework experience for early elementary school students.

 

References

Bempechat, J. (2004). The motivational benefits of homework: A social-cognitive perspective. Theory into practice, 43(3), 189-196.
Cooper, H., Jackson, K., Nye, B., & Lindsay, J.J. (2001). A model of homework’s influence on the performance evaluations of elementary school students. Journal of Experimental Education, 69(2), 181-199.
Cooper, H., Robinson, J. C., & Patall, E. A. (2006). Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, 1987-2003. Review of Educational Research, 76(1), 1-62. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3700582
Corno, L. & Xu, J. (2004). Homework as the job of childhood. Theory Into Practice, 43(3), 227-233
Gill, B., & Schlossman, S. (2004). Villain or savior? The American discourse on homework, 1850-2003. Theory Into Practice, 43(3), 174-181.
Hoover-Dempsey, K. V., Battiato, A. C., Walker, J. M., Reed, R. P., DeJong, J. M., & Jones, K. P. (2001). Parental involvement in homework. Educational psychologist, 36(3).
Marzano, R. J. (2003). What works in schools: Translating research into action. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Morrison, G. M., Storino, M. H., Robertson, L. M., Weissglass, T., & Dondero, A. (2000). The protective function of after-school programming and parent education and support for students at risk for substance abuse. Evaluation and Program Planning, 23(3), 365-371.
Patall, E. A., Cooper, H., & Robinson, J. C. (2008). Parent involvement in homework: A research synthesis. Review of Educational Research, 78, 1039–1104.
Rizqi, M., & Rahmadanik, D. (2022). Komunikasi kebijakan penghapusan pekerjaan rumah (PR) ditingkat sekolah dasar (Studi pada Sekolah Dasar Islam Saroja Surabaya). Sintesa, 1(2), 22-31.
Skaggs, A. M. N. (2007). Homework: A Nightly Ritual Beginning in the Elementary Grades. Online Thesis.
Suyana, S. (2012). Peningkatan Hasil Belajar Matematika Melalui Teknik Pemberian Tugas Pekerjaan Rumah pada Siswa Kelas III Semester 2 Materi Jenis Sudut dan Besar Sudut, SDN.1 Gedong Jetis Tulung, Klaten. Unpublished thesis. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.
Trautwein, U., & Köller, O. (2003). The relationship between homework and achievement—still much of a mystery. Educational psychology review, 15, 115-145.
Voorhis, F. L. V. (2011). Costs and benefits of family involvement in homework. Journal of advanced academics, 22(2), 220-249.
Published
2023-12-30
How to Cite
Abdul Halim, Sunarti, Ali Saukah, & Latifatul Isroiyah. (2023). PARENTS’ AND TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS HOMEWORK FOR EARLY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR, 5, 144-153. https://doi.org/10.36563/proceeding.v5i0.108